Warning Signs Of Stroke You Should Know
Stroke symptoms indicate that the brain does not get enough blood, which is necessary for proper functioning. This brain failure can be temporary or permanent. For example, a person may lose its ability to speak, which may recover over time. Also, it may come to a one-sided weakness or numbness in the extremities, which can be complete (hemiplegia) or partial (hemiparesis).
Since the brain is one of the most sensitive organs in the human body, it’s very important to react properly when the symptoms of stroke occur. Namely, a timely reaction increases the rate of survival, and lowers the risk of permanent disability and brain damage.
In this article, we compiled a list of warning signs of stroke, so that you can get a timely and proper treatment.
Warning Signs Of Stroke
Sometimes, stroke symptoms develop gradually. But, in most cases, they happen rapidly, listed as below:
– Weakness or complete numbness in the arms, legs or face, particularly on one side of the body
– Confusion and inability to understand speech
– Problems speaking
– Vision problems, affecting one or both eyes
– Balance and coordination problems, difficulty walking
– Severe headache that occurs abruptly, with no apparent reason
If you notice these symptoms, you should immediately ask for medical help, or call 911.
If you’re not sure of your symptoms, then you can perform the FAST stroke test and react accordingly.
Face: Smile in front of a mirror. Does one side of face droop?
Arms: Raise both of your arms. Do they drift downward?
Speech: Try to repeat a simple phrase. Do you have problems speaking? Is your speech slurry and strange?
Time: The moment you notice these signs, act fast and call 911. Also, don’t forget to write down the time when they happened.
Types Of Stroke
Depending on the type of the stroke, localization of the lesion and the severity of the brain attack, the symptoms may vary. For instance, a ministroke may be easily missed, as the symptoms are more difficult to recognize.
Here we show you the different types of stroke:
Ischemic Stroke – this type occurs when the arteries that supply the brain with blood are blocked, reducing the blood flow. This can happen for a variety of reasons. The most common one is atherosclerosis, which is when fatty deposits accumulate on the walls of the arteries and cause the formation of blood clots that hamper the blood flow to the brain. In the medical world, this is called a thrombotic stroke. We also have the embolic stroke, which is when a blood clot forms away from the brain, usually in the heart.
Hemorrhagic Stroke – this type occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures, and blood gets into the brain tissue. It can be divided into an intracerebral hemorrhage (the blood vessel ruptures in the brain and leaks into the surrounding brain cells) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (the ruptured blood vessel is near the surface of the brain, and the blood leaks into the space between the skull and the brain).
Transient Ischemic Attack – also called ministroke. Usually, it doesn’t have a lasting effect on the brain function. It happens due to a temporary decrease of blood flow into the brain. The symptoms of this brain attack can last for several minutes to a few hours.
If you suspect of stroke, you should react immediately. Don’t forget, it’s a medical emergency and you should never ignore the symptoms! Remember, the time is of great importance, and you should always give this information to the medical staff upon admission at a hospital.