In layman’s language, blood pressure is the force of pumping blood by the human heart to the entire body through the arteries. It means that the heart expands and contracts in a particular rhythm. Normal blood pressure is considered to be 120/80. Anything more or less than this is abnormal, indicating low or high blood pressure.


high blood pressure

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When expanding, the heart takes in blood from the body, it purifies it, and releases it back again while contracting. The blood pressure is low at its expansion and high at its contraction. When measured at the extraction of the heart, it’s called systolic, and at the expansion is called diastolic.

High Blood Pressure

When the heart pumps blood into the arteries, more forcefully than normal, it causes a rise in the blood pressures. In a case like this, the systolic is going higher, which may damage the fine tissues and blood vessels of the arteries. Normally, as the condition suggests, this is known as high blood pressure. For example, any measurement over and above 140/90 is said to be an indication of hypertension, or high pressure.

3 Potential Risks Posed On The Human Body And Brain

1. Heart problems: One of the biggest risks that can arise from hypertension is a damage of the heart muscle, or a heart attack. Thus, it’s a doctor’s advice that it should be treated very carefully.

2. Atherosclerosis: Hypertension damages the lining of the arteries, and therefore, can lead to an accumulation of excess fat and hardening of their walls. This condition is called atherosclerosis, and is known to block the flow of blood to the brain, exposing the individual to a risk of stroke.

3. Stroke: People who suffer from hypertension have a lesser supply of blood and oxygen to the brain, and therefore, are exposed to a higher risk of brain damage and stroke. One such problem is the so-called transient ischemic stroke, also known as mini stroke.

Treatment

1. Regular medication: If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, you are supposed to keep in touch with your doctor on a regular basis and take your medicines accordingly.

2. Brisk walking and exercises: You need to have physical activities to improve cardiovascular functions. Walk briskly and have simple exercises, for 30-40 minutes a day.

3. Disciplined diet: You need to strictly follow the DASH diet (Diet Approaches to Stop Hypertension). This means eating more fruits, vegetables and whole grains, curbing fatty and oily food, having lean meat, fish, low fat dairy products, etc.

4. Low sodium intake: Do not take raw table salt with your meals, and avoid processed or canned food.

5. Ideal body weight: It’s recommendable to lose any extra weight you might have, as per your BMI (Body Mass Index). Afterwards, try to keep your ideal body weight.

6. Quit smoking: Say “No” to tobacco; it only worsens blood pressure.

7. Curb alcohol intake: You must reduce alcohol intake in your body; limit your drinks up to 2 pegs a day.

High blood pressure or hypertension is said to be the “Silent killer” and is responsible for one death in every six Americans. Unless set in control with medications and lifestyle, it can be fatal for you. Thus, you ought to get disciplined today! It’s for your good health!

Reference:
3 different ways that high blood pressure physically changes your brain