Gout is an inflammation of the joints, commonly known as arthritis, and can affect anyone. It’s caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints, and it’s characterized by sudden attacks of severe pain, redness, and swelling of the joints.


gout

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People who suffer from gout have elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and urine. For men, normal uric acid levels are 3.4 – 7 mg/dL, while for women, the numbers go from 2.4 – 6.0 mg/dL.

Mechanism Of Gout Formation

The main culprit for the occurrence of this disease is a diet rich in proteins. Too much meat and meat products, milk and dairy products, eggs, and legumes, introduce too much protein into our bloodstream. Since the human body cannot store excess proteins, it converts them into amino acids. Then, the excess amino acids are metabolized via purine and pyrimidine nucleotides into urates. Urates are in fact small crystals of uric acid, which are deposited into the joints, and of course, cause inflammation and severe pain.

Lack of movement and poor circulation can further exacerbate the symptoms of gout. Insufficient fluid intake makes the work of the kidneys more difficult, and it burdens the blood filtration. In these situations, urinating is not sufficient to excrete the excess uric acid from the body. Thus, it’s important to drink plenty of fluids, more than 2 liters a day, and this should preferably be tea.

Gout Symptoms

This disease usually begins with severe pain, redness and swelling of the big toe and the foot joints. The redness and pain can spread to the hips and thighs, which can make every movement very difficult.

The most common warning signs include tingling sensation in the affected joint, stiffness, soreness, as well as a burning and itching sensation. But sometimes, you may not experience a warning sign. You may simply wake up all sweaty in the middle of the night with a severe pain in the joints.

Treatment

Doctors usually recommend taking medications to relieve the pain, such as ibuprofen, as well as anti-inflammatory drugs, like meloxicam, celecoxib, and sulindac.

Other treatments for the pain include:

– Cold compresses. Keep ice on your joints for about a half an hour, to relieve the pain and ease the inflammation.
– Take some rest. Since it’ll be difficult for you to move, it would be best to rest your joints until the pain goes away.
– Drink plenty of fluids. Tea and water will help you decrease the levels of uric acid in your blood and urine.
– Be careful what you eat. Avoid foods rich in protein and purines, such as red meat, offal, milk, and fatty foods. Don’t even think about drinks rich in processed sugars and alcohol.

If your symptoms don’t go away after 2 days, it’s best to visit your doctor.

How To Reduce Uric Acid
Apple Cider Vinegar

Dilute 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in a glass of lukewarm water, and drink it in the morning. Repeat this treatment every day, and the malic acid will help you dissolve the uric acid crystals and remove them from your body.

Lime Water

Dilute the juice of one lime in a glass of lukewarm water, and drink it at least twice a day. The citric acid will help break down the uric acid.

Fruits And Veggies

Eat fruits and veggies rich in antioxidants, such as strawberries, blueberries, and cherries, bell peppers and tomatoes. They are rich in anthocyanins, which relieve the stiffness and reduce inflammation.

Foods High In Fiber

Dietary fiber absorb the excess uric acid, and help remove it from the body. Grains, bananas and oats might be the perfect food when it comes to treatment of gout.

Reference:
How to Treat Gout Attacks at Home
Managing a Gout Attack
5 Home Remedies to Control High Levels of Uric Acid