Moderate pain and cramps during menstruation are common. However, excessive and very severe menstrual cramps that prevent the performance of daily tasks is not normal. The medical term for painful periods is dysmenorrhea.

painful periods

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Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women who experienced pain before and during menstruation. Women who have normal periods but later in life these have become very painful is a secondary dysmenorrhea.

Painful Periods Causes

The exact cause of painful periods in most cases is yet unknown. Some women are at higher risk of painful periods than others. Risk factors include:

  • Women younger than 20 years
  • Family history of painful menstruation
  • Smoking
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Early puberty

In some cases, the cause of secondary dysmenorrhea may be in other health conditions such as:

  • PMS
  • Endometriosis (painful medical condition in which cells from endometrial growth in other areas of the body)
  • Fibroids in the uterus (a non-cancerous tumor)
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STDs)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease, infection of the uterus or the ovary, which is usually caused by sexually transmitted infections
  • adenomyosis – rare condition where the lining of the uterus grows in the muscular wall of the uterus
  • Various forms of contraception, intrauterine special inserts (IUD) made of copper, which are closely associated with increased pain in menstrual period
Natural Salve For Painful Menstruation

If you suffer from painful periods every month, try this salve for pain relief.

You will need the following ingredients:

  • 7 grams of bee wax
  • 19 grams of coconut oil
  • 40 drops of essential oil of sage
  • 30 drops of peppermint oil
  • 20 drops of cassia essential oil
  • 20 drops of chili seeds oil (or one teaspoon of cayenne pepper powder)
  • 6 drops of lavender oil


Mix the wax and the coconut oil, and steam it until the wax and coconut oil are completely dissolved. Remove the mixture from the steam, and add all the other essential oils. Stir this blend, and allow it to cool down. While it is still in liquid form, pour the mixture into a glass container and leave to set.

Use a little bit of this ointment whenever you get painful menstrual cramps and you will feel the warmth and relief from it instantly.

Reference: Period pain
What Are Menstrual Cramps?