Heel pain is a very common symptom, with many possible causes. Sometimes it can be so unbearable, that you may feel as if you have a nail puncturing your feet. Thus, it’s very important to diagnose it accurately and get a proper treatment, directed to fixing the cause of the pain.


heel pain

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Causes Of Heel Pain

Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of pain in the heel, triggered by irritation and inflammation of the tissue that forms the bow of the foot. A common symptom of plantar fascism is heel pain after long walking or standing.

Heel spur is usually associated with plantar fasciitis, as it occurs in people who have long-lasting heel pain. Namely, when the plantar fasciitis pulls away, calcium deposits form, causing the development of a bony protrusion, or a heel spur.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the large nerve in the back of the foot is trapped or clamped, causing pain in the heel.

Fractures can also cause pain in the heel. Especially long-distance runners should be very careful.

Other cases of heel pain include Achilles tendon rupture, Achilles tendonitis, bursitis, bone tumor, osteomyelitis, Haglund’s deformity, peripheral neuropathy, reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, retrocalcaneal bursitis, sarcoidosis and Paget’s disease of bone.

Self-Treatment

Healing heel pain depends on the cause of the problem, so precision in diagnosis is of great importance. If you’re not sure of the cause of your condition, you should ask for a physician’s advice before you start any treatment.

Here we show you a few self-treatments, which can be of assistance in solving your problem on many occasions, regardless of the diagnosis.

Rest – avoid hard work. Also, you can take a few days off of running, long-standing or walking. Rest is usually necessary to relieve the pain and ease the inflammation.

Ice packs – ice can help you alleviate some of the symptoms and control the pain in the heel. Ice packs are especially useful after acute worsening of the symptoms.

Stretching exercises – Gentle exercises and stretching usually help relax the tissue that surrounds the bones. Perform simple stretching exercises in the morning and evening.

Shoes with heels – shoes with medium sized heels (about 3 cm) can help you successfully treat heel pain. They are effective for both, women and men.

Heel pads ease the pain and pressure on the foot, and therefore, they are a suitable treatment.

Anti-inflammatory drugs can help you control the pain in the heel and reduce inflammation. Consult your doctor for proper medications.

When To See A Doctor?

When you are not sure of the exact cause of your heel pain, or if you don’t know how to self-treat the problem, then you should ask for medical help.

Some of the most common signs that indicate the need of a medical intervention are:

– Difficulty to walk normally
– Pain that intensifies at night, or while you rest
– Pain the heel that lasts for a several days
– Swelling and color loss on the back of the foot
– Signs of infection, including fever, redness and heat

Reference:
How can you ease heel pain yourself
Heel Pain – Definition, Causes And When to see a doctor