The modern way of living carries a lot of chase, worries and stress, and there’s too little time for relaxation and pleasure. The problem with chasing, worrying, and stressing is that they cause an imbalance in the human body, with anxiety being the ultimate side effect. Anxiety disorders can seriously disturb a person’s life, but unfortunately, people often miss the symptoms and leave them without treatment.


anxiety disorders

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Here we explain 4 different types of anxiety disorders:

– Generalized anxiety disorder (GAP)
– Panic disorder
– Specific phobias
– Social anxiety disorder

Anxiety Disorders

We can describe anxiety as a sense of fear that occurs in moments of danger, discomfort and unwanted situations. Fortunately, it disappears shortly after the stimulation is gone. This is a normal and desirable feeling, as it increases vigilance and readiness to react and defend. However, when this feeling of fear, persistent anticipation and exaggerated worries is present in all life situations, and when it lasts for more than six months, we talk about anxiety as a mental disorder, which can and should be treated.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAP)

The generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by an indefinite and unrealistic fear, which completely absorbs the person and prevents his/her normal daily functioning. This fear is irrational and disproportionate to the real life situations, in which the affected person is found.

There’s always a terrible awaiting of a terrible event. Consequently, this expectation provokes a general overwhelming fear that paralyzes the person and increases his/her sense of insecurity and helplessness. Also, it creates a characteristic pattern of cautious and suspicious behavior.

Panic Disorder

Panic attacks occur suddenly, with the physical symptoms being so intense, that the affected person may feel like he/she is on the verge of death.

Frequent panic attacks, intense fear and terrors characterize this type of anxiety disorder. During a seizure, the affected person feels as if he/she is losing control and develops fear of eternal suffering and disaster.

Panic attacks occur suddenly and people cannot predict them. On average, they last about ten minutes, but they can also last longer. Between seizures, the person still lives in fear of the next seizure and excessive worry about everyday things.

The physical symptoms often include vomiting, chest pain, choking, dizziness and stinging redness.

Specific Phobias

Health experts define phobias as a fear and stress of specific situations or objects, such as flying, going outside, or heights. The affected person often feels unprotected, helpless and endangered.

The physical symptoms often include accelerated heartbeat, heat, drowsiness and redness. Over time, the affected person starts to feel paralyzed of its phobia, which can be overwhelming.

Social Anxiety Disorder

Social anxiety disorder, or social phobia, is a fear of people and situations where a person has to meet with a large number of people. This may be a fear of public appearances, talking to a large number of people, eating and drinking in front of others, fear that others may think he/she is stupid, fear of exam, fear of losing control over his/her bodily functions and the like.

People with social anxiety feel intense and are in constant fear of others. They fear of being watched, and tend to be afraid for days of a potentially dangerous event. The physical symptoms include redness, severe breathing and even choking.

Anxiety Disorders Share Some Common Symptoms

– Uneasiness, fear and panic
– Sleeping problems
– Inability to stay calm
– Numb, cold and sweaty hands or feet
– Lack of breath
– Accelerated heartbeat
– Dizziness
– Nausea
– Dry mouth
– Tense muscles

Diagnosis And Treatment

If you notice some of the aforementioned symptoms, and if they persist for a longer period of time, then you should contact your doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment. Health experts treat anxiety disorders with antidepressants, anticoagulant medications, antipsychic drugs, as well as anxiolytics. Other possible treatment is psychotherapy.

You can also try managing the symptoms. Limit your intake of caffeine, exercise, eat right, get good quality sleep, do yoga and try to relax.

Reference:
Anxiety Disorders
What Are Anxiety Disorders?