Common Types Of Acne & How To Manage Them
Acne can appear on almost every part of the human body. Whether they occur on your face, in your ear, on the back, behind your arms, or underneath your thighs, they can be very atrocious, distort your appearance, and even damage your self-esteem.
There is a popular belief that acne mostly affect teenagers. But, the truth is, anyone can get them, despite their age. Acne are in fact pimples that occur in various parts of the human body. Usually, they are a result of clogged pores. Namely, when the pores on our skin are clogged with dead skin cells, bacteria, and oil, we get pimples.
The Different Kinds Of Acne
These are the most common types of acne:
Blackheads And Whiteheads
These are sometimes referred to as comedones. Blackheads are open comedones, with their oil clogged pores being exposed to air. And, as a result of the oxidation, they appear black in color. Whiteheads, on the other hand, are referred to as closed comedones. They are not exposed to air and appear white in color.
The best way to manage whiteheads and blackheads is by regulating the amount of oil produced by your skin. Thus, you should regularly exfoliate your skin, with a gentle scrub.
Pustules And Papules
These are the ideal pimples. Papules appear pink or red in color, with raised bumps and sometimes a whitish surface. Pustules on the other, tend to be larger. Both, pustules and papules, are usually inflamed and infected, and often painful. They occur when the cell wall is broken, allowing for bacteria growth on your skin, and ultimately, leading to infection. If unattended, they can get bigger and develop white or yellow pus.
Usually, you can treat them with medications and anti-bacterial creams. To prevent their occurrence, don’t press or burst the pimples on your skin. Otherwise, you open them and make your skin vulnerable to even bigger infections.
Nodules And Cysts
These are the most painful and very difficult to treat. They appear as huge lumps under the skin, and are caused by the accumulation of bacteria and clogged pores that occur deeper into the skin’s surface. They also occur as a result of poor health in the gut, or hormonal imbalance.
In severe situations, a doctor may perform a simple surgery, using local anaesthesia, to remove the cysts. Also, there are medications that can help enhance the gut health and balance out the hormones, so as to prevent recurrence.
This is not true acne and its appearance is not characterized by pimples. Rosacea usually has raised bumps, red in color, but not as pronounced as the regular pimples. It’s also characterized by flushed red skin, with broken capillaries. More often than not, the bumps are itchy and take a little longer than normal pimples to heal.
Acne rosacea is associated with autoimmune conditions, as well as gut health. You can treat the condition with medication creams, which also address deeper underlying issues of immunity and gut health, to prevent recurrence.
The truth is, no matter how rigorous your skin care routine it, you can still fall victim to pimples. When they occur, avoid pressing or bursting them. Continue keeping your face clean and let the pimples disappear on their own. If they persist, seek treatment from a credible dermatologist.