What is hypertension? It’s high blood pressure. But, let’s start answering this question from the beginning. When we talk about blood pressure, we think of the arterial blood pressure. It depends on the power of the heart muscle that pumps blood into the arteries, the amount of blood it pumps and the resistance of the blood vessels.

high blood pressure

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The heart constantly adjusts its work to the needs of the human body. The same is valid for the blood pressure – it changes constantly.

The blood pressure rises and falls, in relation to the activity. Thus, if you stand up suddenly, due to the action of gravity, a sudden drop in the blood pressure may occur, which will result in dizziness or even fainting. However, high blood pressure or hypertension is a chronic, non-infectious disease, in which the affected person has an elevated systolic or diastolic pressure, or sometimes both.

Hypertension is diagnosed when the systolic pressure is above 140 and the diastolic above 90. In order to diagnose it, it’s necessary for the high blood pressure to be repeated.

Signs Of High Blood Pressure

Arterial hypertension is an underlying disease that slowly progresses. Usually, there are no symptoms, and it’s detected by accident, on a general health check.

However, in some cases, you may experience some of the following symptoms:

1. Severe headache
2. Difficulty breathing, pain in the chests
3. Vision problems
4. Confusion, fatigue
5. Irregular heartbeat

If you have high blood pressure, you should be careful with your cholesterol intake and you should increase the intake of omega-3 fatty acids.

Risk Factors

There are some risk factors that we cannot control. For instance, the risk of high blood pressure increases over the years. In men, the problem occurs over the age of 45, while in women over 55.

Gender plays an important role in maintaining normal blood pressure. Up until menopause, the estrogen protects women from the onset of this health problem. But, women who take oral contraceptives increase the risk of high blood pressure.

History of high blood pressure in the family doubles the chances that the offspring will have this health problem.

Fortunately, there are some risk factors that we can control. For example, we can change our way of living and prevent hypertension.

Poor eating habits, i.e. eating foods rich in fats and low in fiber and minerals increase the possibility of hypertension. Thus, people who have this problem should be on a special diet. Also, the absence of physical activity may lead to an increase in both, systolic and diastolic pressure.

Obese people increase the chances of developing hypertension. However, when proper diet and physical activity are combined, you’ll be able to maintain an ideal body weight.

People with chronic stress have high blood pressure, which can be controlled by regular relaxation, meditation, and yoga.

People who drink more than 1 to 2 alcoholic drinks a day increase the blood pressure levels, and may trigger various health complications. Smoking habits are also bad for the blood pressure. Namely, the tobacco narrows the arteries and may lead to various problems related to the heart and blood vessels.

How To Deal With The Problem

The best way to prevent and alleviate the progression of the diseases is a moderate, healthy lifestyle. Proper nutrition, physical activity, and meditation, as well as regular health checks with your doctor can help you control the blood pressure.

If necessary, consult your doctor and consider taking medications to regulate your blood pressure.

Remember, regular blood pressure control can reduce the risk of heart inflammation, stroke, kidney damage, and atherosclerosis.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure (hypertension)